Adolescence signifies the stage when a human being grows out of the realm of childhood and crawls towards adulthood. These young adults have a peculiar psychology which is greatly influenced by the physiological changes in their body during puberty.
Adolescents are often very aggressive, and possess strong sexual impulses. The large number of new and never before experienced changes taking place within the adolescent body often cause a lot of confusion and uncertainty.
Music, being non-verbal and unrestrained in nature, can emotionally affect adolescents at a much deeper level than we can ever imagine. Even words cannot create an impact equivalent to the impact created by music. Music touches their soul and allows their emotions to flow out. Adolescents have such a large number of mixed feelings and emotions flowing in their minds during this stage of their life that to appeal to their senses, an equally complex kind of music is needed.
They find fast music such as rap, hip-hop and rock music to be very exciting. Just as feelings of anger, rage, grief, longing, isolation, psychological disintegration are all found filled at the same time within the mind of an adolescent, similarly, the beat, rhythm and pulse of rock music in which a number of instruments are played together and all the instruments reach a peak tempo together is especially very endearing to the young adults.
Adolescence is a stressful phase of development which is characterized by emotional turmoil and psychic disturbances. Added to this stress, if there are episodes of domestic violence and physical abuse, then such bereaved adolescents might even experience some degree of depressive symptoms. Their self esteem may become very low and they might be surrounded by a sense of worthlessness and hopelessness. This is where music therapy comes into play. Music aids in building up the ability of an individual to cope with stress arising out of domestic violence.
Music therapy aids in improving the self esteem, reduces stress levels, eases out anxiety from terrified and scared minds, improves the inherent stress management capacity of the individual. It also enhances the abilities to communicate freely and fearlessly, improves socialization, facilitates easy expression of inner feelings, encourages independent decision making. Music acts as a tool for relaxation and the feeling of peace and calm associated with music encourage the adolescent kid to adopt a non-abusive lifestyle although he himself may have been the victim of domestic violence. Music also provides the necessary impetus to overcome all kinds of apprehensions and discuss the incidents that have caused emotional disturbance to the individual. Over a period of time, music therapy washes away all feelings of guilt, aggression, anger, helplessness and fear from the individual’s mind and restores a state of normalcy and peace within him.